iDE Global
Muth Kosal Hover


Toilet Business Owner

Muth Kosal is a father of two children who lives along the eastern Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia. His community faces unique sanitation challenges as many households are seasonally flooded for six months of the year and others are flooded year-round, with houses permanently floating on the water.

While sanitation coverage has improved in Cambodia over the last two decades, the area surrounding Tonle Sap Lake lags behind, with some communities as low as 4%. Supply chains are often difficult to access and traditional sanitation solutions, such as the off-set pit latrine, are ineffective in this challenging environment.

Mr. Kosal transformed his construction management skills into an entrepreneurial opportunity by creating a business that produces flood-resistant toilets. With training and support from iDE, he manufactures and installs the Sky Latrine, an elevated latrine product designed for seasonally flooded environments that enables households to use the toilet year-round while preventing fecal sludge from contaminating the lake.

“Despite the difficulties, I still can overcome it, as I like this job and I want to continue doing it.” Kosal has delivered close to 60 sky latrines to households within his district to date.

What's next for Kosal

Kosal needs a solution for transporting his concrete rings. “We need four people to carry one ring, to load and unload rings from the boat, and to carry them one by one to the door of the households. We use a ferry or motor boat for transporting the concrete rings. When using a ferry or boat, it is easier during the rainy season when the water level is high, but it becomes difficult to reach some households during the dry season when the water is too shallow.”

Kosal's Details

  • Cambodia
  • Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Entrepreneur Impact
  • Availability of Technology
  • Job Creation
  • Production
  • Local Distribution & Sales
Ecosystem Impact
  • Local Economic Development
  • Water Security
  • Food & Nutrition Security
  • Environmental Protection

Country Profile

  • 146/189

    Human Development Index (HDI) Rank

  • 18%

    Poverty Rate

  • 17 Million People


iDE was started as a radical idea that business is a solution to move people out of poverty. 40 years later, we still don't give things away. We create long term change by powering entrepreneurs to end poverty for their families and communities.

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