iDE Global


iDE has worked in Nepal since 1992. From irrigation and good-quality seeds to, more recently, rural collection centers where farmers can sell their produce, we provide simple innovations that help rural communities get out of poverty and adapt to climate change.

Why we’re here—

Around two out of three Nepalis are engaged in agriculture, mainly growing crops on small plots of land using basic farming methods. Yet many Nepalis in rural communities still don’t have enough nutritious food to eat. Poor access to high-quality seed, fertilizer, irrigation pumps (and knowledge of how to use them), and markets makes it difficult for them to earn a living. As a result, more than half a million Nepalis work outside the country, 95 percent of them male. Climate change is increasing the vulnerability of these already marginalized people.

Shanu Rana

Shanu is a farmer in the Lalitpur District of Nepal, a region nestled amongst the mountaintops. Since 2006, we have been working with remote communities to install Multiple-Use Water Systems, enabling farmers like Shanu to irrigate their farms efficiently and effectively, while also providing water for homes.

iDE PC Nepal Extended Caption

(Photo by Bimala Colavito/iDE)

What matters—

Gender Equity

Not only is gender inequality high in Nepal, it is further complicated by discrimination based on ethnic, caste, and regional differences—Madhesi and Dalit women in the agricultural Terai Region are the most marginalized and excluded.

By focusing on women as customers and entrepreneurs, iDE strengthens their participation in rural value chains and increases their access to technology, know-how, finance, and markets.

Learn more about iDE’s commitment to Gender Equity.


In Nepal, nearly half of the children under five (an estimated 1.6 million) suffer from undernutrition.

By promoting high-value, nutritious crops, iDE empowers farmers to earn more income and provide their families and communities with a more varied diet, fueling them with the energy and mental ability they need to be successful. iDE also improves access to safe water and sanitation, keeping people healthy and able to absorb the nutrients gained from an improved diet.

Learn more about iDE’s commitment to Nutrition.

Food Security

Poverty and food insecurity go hand in hand in Nepal. Food insecurity tends to be most pronounced in mountain areas, where people suffer from hunger if assistance is not available.

By improving farmers’ access to high-quality seeds, technology, and farming best practices, iDE enhances their ability to increase production, growing their incomes and food availability in their communities, region, and country.

Learn more about iDE's commitment to Food Security.

Resilience to Climate Change

Nepal’s population is highly vulnerable to climate change effects due to their overwhelming dependence on natural resources for survival. Agriculture, forestry, and ecotourism are critical industries in Nepal.

iDE helps people in rural areas build their resilience to climate extremes through the use of water-saving and resource-smart agricultural technologies and practices.

Learn more about iDE’s commitment to Smart Technologies.

Expanding Nepal's Business Access to Improved Technologies for Agriculture (ENBAITA)

Post Project Sustainability, Impacts, and Food Security During the COVID-19 Crisis

Utilizing the ENBAITA networks is a proven and cost effective way to help Nepal agriculture to recover from COVID-19 and to re-invigorate trading and exchange between Nepal and India to support food security in Nepal.

Read more: Expanding Nepal's Business Access to Improved Technologies for Agriculture (ENBAITA)

What works—

Ag_SymbolCreated with Sketch.


Over the last 20 years, iDE has taken a leading role in the micro-irrigation revolution. We continue to develop low-cost, appropriate technologies for small producers, including drip systems, micro-sprinklers, treadle pumps, and water storage and distribution technologies. We invest in the design and initial promotion of these technologies, which private companies cannot afford to develop because they are unable to establish enforceable patent rights. Once popularized, these products are sustainably manufactured and marketed in the local private sector. 

iDE is establishing and scaling commercial pockets for small-scale farmers. The approach includes developing a sufficient volume of produce to attract buyers within community-managed collection centers. 

Learn more about iDE’s global Agriculture strategy.

WASH_SymbolCreated with Sketch.

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)

iDE’s successful approach in building markets for sanitation improves water and sanitation in vulnerable communities by strengthening the capacity of small enterprises to manufacture and distribute affordable technologies and conducting social marketing campaigns to change household behavior.

Learn more about iDE’s global WASH Strategy.

Finance_SymbolCreated with Sketch.

Access to Finance

Microfinance institutions are not well developed in Nepal, and the local banking sector does not provide loans to small-scale farmers due to their lack of collateral and high transaction costs. Therefore, iDE identified a solution that uses the Nepalese government’s Youth Self Employment Fund Program, where commercial banks must allocate one-third of their 3 percent derived loan portfolio to loans for young entrepreneurs at 10 to 12 percent interest without collateral. Collaborating with the Ministry of Finance and commercial banks, iDE will provide skills training to poor farmers and certify successful completion, enabling their access to loans. iDE further assists the farmers in creating business plans that demonstrate the return on investment for micro-irrigation and MUS.

Learn more about iDE’s global Access to Finance strategy.

Active listening

Community Business Facilitators achieve sanitation sales in Nepal

Nepal is one of the poorest countries in South Asia and still has large gaps in sanitation coverage. Despite gradual improvements, only about 43 percent of the population has access to toilets, while more than half the population continues to defecate openly.

Read more: Training local agents to be successful salespeople achieves results

Carrying capacity

Multiple-Use Water Systems deliver benefits

In addition to dramatically decreasing the workload of women and girls, Multiple-Use Water Systems provide benefits in health and sanitation, enabling communities to improve their decisions on the allocation of water resources.

Read more: Increasing workload efficiency creates new income and opportunities

Main Office

Jhamsikhel, Lalitpur
P.O.Box 2674
Kathmandu, Nepal
Phone: +977 1 590 0132 or +977 1 590 0133

Our partners—


  • Big Lottery Fund
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • Chance for Change
  • CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
  • European Commission
  • Frankfurt School
  • Grand Challenges Canada
  • International Water Management Institute
  • Japan International Cooperation Agency
  • Kohler
  • Manitoba Council for International Cooperation
  • Montview Boulevard Presbyterian Church
  • Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research
  • Renewable World
  • Saga Charitable Trust
  • United Kingdom’s Department for International Development
  • United States Agency for International Development
  • World Food Programme